Strengthening Health System Responses to Gender-based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

A resource package

Causes and Dynamics

“Violence against women is both universal and particular. It is universal in that there is no region of the world, no country and no culture in which women’s freedom from violence has been secured. The pervasiveness of violence against women across the boundaries of nation, culture, race, class and religion points to its roots in patriarchy - the systemic domination of women by men. The many forms and manifestations of violence and women’s differing experiences of violence point to the intersection between gender-based subordination and other forms of subordination experienced by women in specific contexts.”