Strengthening Health System Responses to Gender-based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

A resource package

Training Programme for Health Care Providers

GBV in Numbers

Globally, up to six out of every ten women experience physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime. A World Health Organization study of 24,000 women in 10 countries found that the prevalence of physical and/or sexual violence by a partner varied from 15 percent in urban Japan to 71 percent in rural Ethiopia, with most areas being in the 30–60 percent range. Violence against women and girls has far-reaching consequences, harming families and communities. For women and girls 16–44 years old, violence is a major cause of death and disability.

Defining Gender-Based Violence

Gender-based violence (GBV) or violence against women (VAW)?

The programmatic package available on this website uses the term gender-based violence (GBV).

“Gender-based violence (GBV) is the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role expectations associated with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between the two genders, within the context of a specific society.” (Bloom 2008, p14).

Defining Gender and Gender Equality

This section provides an overview on the following topics:


1. Introduction and getting to know each other

1.1        Outline of the module

Duration of the module

45 minutes

Checklist for preparing the training

In order to provide accurate national and regional information on legislation, protection services and referral possibilities, this checklist will help you prepare the necessary information. Where possible, we provide links where you can find this information.

Qualification of the trainer

The complexity of the topic ideally demands a “team” of trainers: One trainer should be practically experienced in working with survivors of gender based violence – this could be an expert working at specific women support services (counseling center, helpline or shelter). The trainer should be familiar with all issues concerning gender-based violence and experienced in continuing educational training. For the health care training a physician or other health professionals for documentation issues should be involved in the training setting.

Whom to train


The training modules are designed for health care practitioners who work in primary care, ob/gyn, family practice, and/or emergency medicine either in hospital and clinic settings, serving diverse patient populations. Ideally, different professional groups are sensitized through the training, e.g. nurses, doctors, midwives, pharmacists etc. Based on the analysis of the structure of the health sector in your country (see Module 1 on this webpage to go online in Sept. 2011), you can identify health professionals which are most likely consulted by survivors of violence.

Tips for preparing the training

Background of the trainer(s)

Trainers should be knowledgeable about GBV and the health system’s response. Having a team of two trainers with mixed backgrounds (one trainer specialized on GBV and/or women-specific services, one trainer with a medical background) will benefit effective delivery of the training curriculum in line with the needs of the target group.

When working with an international trainer, it is helpful to match her/him with a local trainer who is familiar with the specific country and/or regional context.

Part II: Training package for health care professionals on strengthening health system responses to gender-based violence

About this training package

Aim of the training package

The present training package aims to strengthen the knowledge and skills of health care professionals to understand GBV, to identify patients who have experienced GBV and to provide survivors with appropriate care, support and referrals. It seeks to provide trainers with a ready-made and user-friendly tool to deliver trainings to health care professionals in the EECA region, packaging the comprehensive background information included in part I into ten practical training modules.

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