Strengthening Health System Responses to Gender-based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

A resource package


International conventions, declarations and treaty body documents

United Nations

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 19, 1992 - Violence against Women. (CEDAW GR 19)

  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 24, 1999 – Women and Health. (CEDAW GR 24)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 25, 2004 – Temporary Special Measures. (CEDAW GR 25)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 26, 2006 – Women Migrant workers. (CEDAW GR 26)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 27, 2010 – Older women and protection of their human rights. (CEDAW GR 27)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 28, 2010 – The Core Obligations of States Parties under Article 2 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. (CEDAW GR 28)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No. 30, 2013 – Women in Conflict prevention, Conflict and Post-conflict situation. (CEDAW GR 30)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, official website:
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, Statement on Rural Women, 2011. (CEDAW 2011)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, Concluding Observations Turkey, Forty-sixth session, 12-30 July 2010, CEDAW/C/TUR/CO/6. (CEDAW 2010)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, Concluding Observations Albania, Forty-sixth session, 12-30 July 2010, CEDAW/C/ALB/CO/6. (CEDAW 2010a)
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, Views of 1 October 2007, Fatima Yildirim (deceased) against Austria, Communication No. 6/2005, CEDAW/C/39/D/6/2005.
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989. (CRC 1989)
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 1979. (CEDAW 1979)
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 1992. (CEDAW 1992)
  • Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (DEVAW), 1993. (DEVAW 1993)
  • Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000. (UN 2000)
  • Security Council Resolution 1820 (2008) on Women, Peace and Security. (Security Council 2008)

Council of Europe

  • Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, 2011. (Istanbul Convention)
  • Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. Explanatory Report, 2011. (Istanbul Convention Explanatory Report)
  • Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, official website of the Council of Europe Treaty Office:
  • Parliamentary Assembly, Resolution 1829 (2011) on Prenatal Sex Selection, 2011. (CoE PA 2011)
  • Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1468 (2005) on Forced marriages and child marriages, 2005. (CoE PA 2005)
  • Recommendation Rec(2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the protection of women against violence, 2002. (CoE 2002)

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

  • Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Ministerial Council Decision No. 15/05, “Preventing and Combating Violence against Women.” (OSCE 2005)

European Union

  • Directive 2006/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation (recast) (Directive 2006/54/EC)

Articles, manuals, studies

Agency for Gender Equality (2008), Security begins at home: research to inform the first national Strategy and Action plan against Domestic violence in Kosovo, authors: Nicole Farnsworth, Ariana Qosaj‐Mustafa for the Kosova Women’s Network. (Agency for Gender Equality 2008)

The Agency of Statistics, RK, UNICEF, UNFPA (2012), Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2011-2012 (Agency of Statistics et al 2012)

Albanian Institute of Statistics, UNDP (2013), Domestic Violence in Albania: National Population Based Survey, author: Robin N. Haarr. (INSTAT/UNDP 2013)

Albanian Institute of Statistics, UNDP (2009), Domestic Violence in Albania: A National Population Based Survey, authors: Robin N Haarr, Milikia Dhamo. (INSTAT/UNDP 2009)

American College of Emergency Physicians (1999), Evaluation and management of the sexually assaulted or sexually abused patient, Dallas, TX. (American College of Emergency Physicians 1999)

American Psychiatric Association (2013), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed). (APA 2013)

Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women of Republic of Macedonia – ESE (2007), Life in a shadow, authors: Violeta Chacheva, Jasminka Friscik, and Stojan Mishev. (ESE 2007)

Association PROI (2011), Survey on the prevalence of gender-based violence against female sex workers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, authors: Bakh Uliana, Samir Ibisevic. (PROI 2011)

ASTRA (2012), Reclaiming and redefining rights: setting the adolescent and young people SRHR Agenda Beyond ICPD+20, Eastern Europe Region Fact Sheet. (ASTRA 2012)

Bacchus, Loraine J., Aston, Gillian, Vitolas, Carlos Torres, Jordan, Peter, Murray, Susan F. (2007), A theory-based evaluation of a multi-agency domestic violence service based in maternity and genitourinary medicine services at Guy’s & St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, Kings College London. (Bacchus et al 2007)

Bacchus, Loraine J., Bewley, Susan, Fernandez, Carmen, Hellbernd, Hildegard, Lo Fo Wong, Sylvie, Otasevic, Stanislava, Pas, Leo, Perttu, Sirkka, Savola, Tina (2012), Health Sector Responses to Domestic Violence: Promising Intervention Models in Primary and Maternity Health Care Settings In Europe, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. (Bacchus et al 2012)

Bacchus, Loraine J., Bewley, Susan, Vitolas, Carlos Torres, Aston, Gillian, Jordan, Peter, Murray, Susan F. (2010), Evaluation of a domestic violence intervention in the maternity and sexual health services of a UK hospital, Reproductive Health Matters, 18 (36): 147-157. (Bacchus et al 2010)

Bacchus, Lorraine J., Mezey, Gill, Bewley, Susan (2002), Women’s perceptions and experiences of routine screening for domestic violence in a maternity service, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 109(1): 9-16. (Bacchus et al 2002)

Black, Michelle C. (2011), Intimate partner violence and adverse health consequences: implications for clinicians, American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 5: 428–439. (Black 2011)

Bloom, Shelah (2008), Violence against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators. (Bloom 2008)

Bott, Sarah, Morrison, Andrew, Elsberg, Mary (2005), Preventing and responding to gender-based violence in middle and low-income countries: a global review and analysis, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3618. (Bott et al 2005)

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft, Familie und Jugend (2010), Gesundheitliche Versorgung gewaltbetroffener Frauen. Ein Leitfaden für Krankenhaus und medizinische Praxis, author: Barbara Schleicher, Vienna. (BMWFJ 2010)

Burnam, M. Audrey, Stein, Judith A., Golding, Jacqueline M., Siegel, Judith M., Sorenson, Susan B., Forsythe, Alan B., Telles, Cynthia A. (1988), Sexual Assault and Mental Disorders in a Community Population, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6): 843-850. (Burnam et al 1998)

Centrul de Sociologie Urbana Si Regionala (2008), Violenta Domestica in Romania, Ancheta Sociologica la Nisel National. (Centrul de Sociologie Urbana Si Regionala 2008)

Casey, Maeve (1988), Domestic Violence against Women: The Women’s Perspective, Dublin, Ireland: Federation of Women’s Refugees. (Casey 1988)

Center for Health and Gender Equity (1999), Ending Violence Against Women, Population Reports, L(11), December 1999, authors: Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg, Megan Gottemoeller, Population Information Program of the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. (CHANGE 1999)

Civic Research Institute (2000), Sexual Assault Report, March/April 2000, 3(4): 58. (Civic Research Institute 2000)

Colombini, Manuela, Mayhew, Susannah, Watts, Charlotte (2008), Health-sector responses to intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income settings: a review of current models, challenges and opportunities, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 86(8): 577-656. (Colombini et al 2008)

Coordinated Action against Domestic Abuse (2011), Independent Domestic Violence Advisor Training – 2011. Block 1. Ethics, role and skills of an Independent Domestic Violence Advisor (IDVA). (CAADA 2011)

Council of Europe Task Force to Combat Violence against Women, including Domestic Violence (2008), The Final Activity Report, EG-TFV, 6. (CoE 2008)

Davies, Rick, Dart, Jess (2005), The most significant change technique. (Davies/Dart 2005)

Department of Health (2005), United Kingdom, Responding to Domestic Abuse: A handbook for Health Professionals. (Department of Health 2005)

Department of Health (2004), State of New York, Protocol for the Acute Care of the Adult Patient Reporting Sexual Assault, Appendix O, Special Considerations for Caring for Diverse Population. (Department of Health 2004)

Department of Health (undated), United Kingdom, Health Visiting and School Nursing Programmes: Supporting implementation of the new service model, No.5: Domestic Violence and Abuse –Professional Guidance. (Department of Health undated)

Doctors for children (2010), Interagency protocol to assist women victims of violence, St. Petersburg. (Doctors for children 2010)

Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, The Duluth Model: (Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs)

Durrant, Joan (2005), Corporal punishment: prevalence, predictors and implications for child behaviour and development, in Stuart. N. Hart (ed.), Eliminating Corporal Punishment, 49-90, Paris: UNESCO. (Durrant 2005)

Dutton, Mary Ann (1992), Empowering and healing the battered woman, A model for assessment and intervention, New York: Springer Publishing Company. (Dutton 1992)
Earl, Sarah, Carden, Fred, Smutylo, Terry (2001), Outcome mapping: Building learning and reflection into development programs. (Earl at al 2001)

Earl, Sarah (undated), What is outcome mapping, Outcome Mapping, Those Who Dream Make a Difference, Ottawa. (Earl undated)

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014), Violence against women: an EU-wide survey, Main results, Luxembourg. (FRA 2014)

Warshaw, Carole, Ganley, Anne L. (1996), Improving the Health Care Response to Domestic Violence: A Resource Manual for Health Care Providers, Family Violence Prevention Fund. (Warshaw/Ganley 1996)

Federal Chancellery – Federal Minister for Women and Consumer Protection, Ten Years of Austrian Anti-Violence Legislation (2008), International Conference in the Context of the Council of Europe Campaign to Combat Violence against Women, Including Domestic Violence, 5 November 2007, Vienna and St. Pölten, Austria. (Federal Chancellery 2008)

Feder, Gene, Davies, Roxane Agnew, Baird, Kathleen, Dunne, Danielle, Eldridge, Sandra, Griffiths, Chris, Gregory, Alison, Howell, Annie, Johnson, Medina, Ramsay, Jean, Rutterford, Clare, Sharp, Debbie (2011), Identification and Referral to Improve Safety (IRIS) of women experiencing domestic violence with a primary care training and support programme: a cluster randomised controlled trial, The Lancet, 378(9805): 1788-1795. (Feder et al 2011)

Female & Feminist’s NGOs Initiatives on CEDAW – Kazakhstan (2014), Combined Third and Fourth Alternative Report to the UN CEDAW Committee. (Female & Feminist’s NGOs Initiatives 2014)

Finkelhor, David (1994), The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse, Child Abuse & Neglect, 18(5): 409-417. (Finkelhor 1994)

Frankel, Nina, Gage, Anastasia (2007), M&E Fundamentals: A Self Guided Minicourse, U.S Agency for International Development, MEASURE evaluation, Interagency Gender Working group, Washington D.C. (Frankel 2007)

Fröschl, Elfriede, Löw, Sylvia (1996), Gegen Gewalt an Frauen handeln. Österreichisches Grundkonzept, Vienna. (Fröschl/Löw 1996)

Gage, Anastasia, Dum, Melissa (2009), Monitoring and Evaluating Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Mitigation Programs, U.S Agency for International Development, MEASURE evaluation, Interagency Gender Working group, Washington D.C. (Gage/Dum 2009)

Ganley, Anne (1998), Domestic Violence: Strategies for Screening, Assessment, Intervention, and Documentation. Trainer’s Manual for Health Care Providers, Family Violence Prevention Fund. (Ganley 1998)

Garg, Arvien, Butz, Arlene M., Dworkin, Paul H., Lewis, Rooti A., Thompson, Richard E., Serwint, Janet R. (2007), Improving the management of family psychosocial problems at low-income children’s well-child care visits: the WE CARE Project, Pediatrics, 120(3): 547–558. (Garg et al 2007)

Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility Working Group (2010), Handbook for Coordinating Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings. (Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility Working Group 2010)vg

Gender Equality Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2013), Prevalence and characteristic of violence against women in BIH, authors: Marija Babović, Olivera Pavlović, Katarina Ginić, Nina Karađinović. (Gender Equality Agency 2013)

Gondolf, Edward W. (2011), Batterer Intervention Systems. Issues, Outcomes and Recommendations, Thousand Oaks, London, New Dehli. (Gondolf 2001)

Government of Armenia (2011), 2011-2015 Strategic Action Plan to Combat Gender Based Violence, Annex N 2 to the Protocol Decision No. 23 made by the Government of the Republic of Armenia at its 17 June 2011 session. (Government of Armenia 2011)

Graham, Dee L. R., Rawlings, Edna, Rimini, Nelly (1998), Survivors of terror, Battered women, hostages and the Stockholm Syndrome, in Kersti Yllo and Michelle Bograd (eds): Feminist perspectives on wife abuse, 217-233, Sage publications. (Graham 1998)

Hagemeister, (2003) , Minnesota Rural Project for Women and Child Safety. Collaborating for Women & Child Safety Training Curriculum, available at (Hagemeister et al 2003)

Heise, Lorie L., Pitanguy, Jacqueline, Germain, Adrienne (1994), Violence against Women, The Hidden Health Burden, World Bank Discussion Papers, 255. (Heise et al 1994)

Heise, Lorie L. (1998), Violence against women: an integrated, ecological framework, Violence against women, 4(3): 262-290. (Heise 1998)

Hellbernd, Hildegard (2006), Häusliche Gewalt gegen Frauen: gesundheitliche Versorgung. Das S.I.G.N.A.L.–Interventionsprogramm, Curriculum, Gefördert mit Mitteln des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, Berlin. (Hellbernd 2006)

Human Rights Watch (2006), Reconciled to Violence, State Failure to Stop Domestic Abuse and Abduction of Women in Kyrgyzstan. (HRW 2006)

Humphreys, Dr. Cathy, Thiara, Dr. Ravi K., Regan, Linda, Lovett, Jo, Kennedy, Lorna, Gibson, Andy (2005), Prevention not prediction? A preliminary evaluation of the Metropolitan Police Domestic Violence Risk Assessment Model, final Report, University of Warwick, Centre For The Study of Safety and Wellbeing, London Metropolitan University, Child and Women Abuse Studies Unit, London. (Humphreys et al 2005)

Ignjatovic, Tanja (2013), Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence against Women on children and the Response of Public Services, Summary (original in Serbian: Posledice koje ima nasilje prema ženama u partnerskom odnosu na decu i odgovor javnih službi na ovaj problem), Autonomous Women’s Center. (Ignjatovic 2013)

Interagency Gender Working Group (undated), Myths and realities of Gender Based Violence, available at (IGWG undated)

Inter-Agency Standing Committee (2007), IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings, Geneva. (Inter-Agency Standing Committee 2007)

Inter-Agency Standing Committee Task Force on Gender and Humanitarian Assistance (2005), Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings: Focusing on Prevention of and Response to Sexual Violence in Emergencies. (Inter-Agency Standing Committee 2005)

Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises, Gender-based Violence (2010), Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings. (Inter-Agency Working Group 2010)

International Center for Migration Policy Development (2010), Monitoring and Evaluation Handbook for National Action Plans against Trafficking in Human Beings, authors: Marketa Von Hagen, Johanna Willems. (ICMPD 2010)

International Labour Office (undated), Sexual Harassment Factsheet. (ILO undated)
International Planned Parenthood Federation Western Hemisphere Region (2010), Improving the Health Sector Response to Gender Based Violence, authors: Sarah Bott, Alessandra Guedes, Maria Cecilia Claramunt, Ana Guezmes. (IPPF 2010)

International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region (2000), Manual to Evaluate Quality of Care from a Gender Perspective, New York. (IPPF 2000)

International Rescue Committee (2012), Caring for Child Survivors of Sexual Abuse. Guidelines for health and psychosocial service providers in humanitarian settings. (IRC 2012)

International Rescue Committee (2008), Clinical care for sexual assault survivors. (IRC 2008)

Jewkes, Rachel (2006), Paper for Policy Guidance: Strengthening the Health sector Response to Sexual Violence (Unpublished). (Jewkes 2006)

Johnson, Medina (2010), ‘Herding cats’: the experiences of domestic violence advocates engaging with primary care providers, The domestic abuse quarterly, Winter 2010. (Johnson 2010)

Johnson, Michael P., Leone Janel M. (2005), The differential effects of intimate terrorism and situational couple violence: findings from the national violence against women survey, Journal of Family Issues, 26(3): 322-349. (Johnson/Leone 2005)

Jones, Harriet (2010), Assessing the Quality of Life of People living with and affected by HIV, A Participatory Tool, Batteries, Methodology. (Jones 2010)

Kelly, Liz (2005), How violence is constitutive of women’s inequality and the implications for equalities work, London: Metropolitan University. (Kelly 2005)

Lo Fo Wong, Sylvie, Wester, Fred, Mol, Saskia SL, Lagro-Janssen, Toine LM (2006), Increased awareness of intimate partner abuse after training: a randomized control trial, British Journal of General Practice, 56(525): 249–257. (Lo Fo Wong et al 2006)

Lundgren, Eva, Heimer, Gun, Westerstrand, Jenny, Kalliokoski, Anne-Marie (2001), Captured Queen: Men’s violence against women in “equal” Sweden – a prevalence study. (Lundgren et al 2001)

Lundgren, Eva (1993), cited in Lundgren et al 2001, full reference not available. (Lundgren 1993)

MDF Training & Consultancy (2005), MDF Tool: Indicators, available at (MDF 2005)

Medical Women’s International Association (2002), Training Manual for Gender Mainstreaming in Health. (MWIA 2002)

National Assembly for Wales (2001), Domestic Violence: A Resource Manual for Health Care Professionals in Wales. (National Assembly for Wales 2001)

National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, UNDP, UNDP, UN Women, UNFPA (2011), Violence against Women in the Family in the Republic of Moldova. (National Bureau of Statistics et al 2011)

National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic, Ministry of Health Kyrgyz Republic, ICF International (2012), Kyrgyz Republic Demographic and Health Survey. (National Statistical Committee 2012)

Government of the Republic of Macedonia (2012), Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, Report on the National Survey of Domestic Violence, authors: Ljubinka Popovska, Vlado Rikalovski, Elizabeth Villagómez (Government of the Republic of Macedonia 2012)

OECD-DAC (2010), DAC Guidelines and Reference Series, Quality Standards for Development Evaluation. (OECD-DAC 2010)

OECD-DAC (2009), Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results Based Management. (OECD-DAC 2009)

OHCHR (undated), Fact sheet: A Human Rights-based Approach to Health, (OHCHR undated)

OHCHR, UNFPA, UNICEF, UN Women and WHO (2011), Preventing gender-biased sex selection, An interagency statement. (OHCHR et al 2011)

Outcome mapping learning community,

Perttu, Sirkka (2004), Annex 2: Intimate partner violence and its screening at the maternity and child health clinic, in Perttu & Kaselitz, Addressing intimate partner violence. Guidelines for health professionals in maternity and child health care, Finland: University of Helsinki, Palmenia Centre for Continuing Education. (Perttu 2004)

Perttu, Sirkka, Kaselitz, Verena (2006), Addressing Intimate Partner Violence. Guidelines for Health Professionals in Maternity and Child Health Care. (Perttu/Kaselitz 2006)

Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants (2012), Strategies to End Double Violence against Undocumented Women, Protecting Rights and Ensuring Justice, authors: Eve Geddie, Michele Levoy, with the contribution from Kim Anh Nguyen, Marta Mateos, and Sangeetha Iengar. (PICUM 2012)

PRO TRAIN (2009), Improving multi-professional and health care training in Europe – Building on good practice in violence prevention, Health Care Sector, Training programme. (PRO TRAIN 2009)

Republic of Serbia Ministry of Health (2010), Special Protocol for the Protection and Treatment of Women Victims of Violence. (Republic of Serbia 2010)

Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry (2007), Directorate General on the Status of Women, Combating Domestic Violence against Women. National Action Plan 2007-2010. (Republic of Turkey 2007)

Roberts (1984), cited in Hagemeister et al 2003, full reference not available. (Roberts 1984)

ROKS, Myterna, Avliva (undated), Sanningar och lögner om mäns våld mot kvinnor, Sweden. (ROKS/Myterna undated)

SeConS – Group (2010), The mapping on Domestic Violence against women in Central Serbia, authors: Marija Babovic, Katarina Ginic, and Olivera Vukovic. (SeConS-Group 2010)

Sphere Project (2011), The Sphere Handbook. Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response. (Sphere 2011)

Standing Together Against Domestic Violence (2011), In Search of Excellence, A Guide to Effective Domestic Violence Partnerships, authors: Antony Wills with Nicole Jacobs, Bear Montique, Laura Croom. (Standing Together Against Domestic Violence 2011)

Standing Together Against Domestic Violence (2008), Good Practice Checklist for Interpreters Working with Domestic Violence Situations. (Standing Together Against Domestic Violence 2008)

Stark, Evan (2000), A Failure to Protect: Unravelling “The Battered Mother’s Dilemma,” in: 27 Western State University Law Review. (Stark 2000)

Statistical Agency under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Ministry of Health Tajikistan, ICF International (2013), Tajikistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012. (Statistical Agency et al 2013)

Stenson, K, Heimer, G., Lundh C., Nordström, ML, Saarinen, H, Wenker A (2001), The prevalence of violence investigated in a pregnant population in Sweden, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 22(4): 189-197. (Stenson et al 2001)

Taket, Ann, Nurse, Jo, Smith, Katarina, Watson, Judy, Shakespeare, Judy, Lavis, Vicky, Cosgrove, Katie, Mulley, Kate, Feder, Gene(2003), Routinely asking women about domestic violence in health settings, British Medical Journal, 327: 673-676. (Taket et al 2003)

Taskforce on the Health Aspects of Violence Against Women and Children (2010), Responding to violence against women and children – the role of the NHS. (Taskforce on the health 2010)

Turkish Republic Prime Ministry Directorate General on the Status of Women (2009), National Research on Domestic Violence against Women in Turkey, research conducted by ICON-Institut Public Sector Gmbh, Hacettepe University Institute of Populations Studies, BNB consulting Ltd Co. (Turkish Republic Prime Ministry 2009)

Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms, State Statistical Committee Ukraine, Ministry of Health Ukraine, Macro International Inc. (2008), Ukraine Demographic and Health Survey 2007. (UCSR et al 2008)

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UNDG (2011), Results-based Management Handbook, Harmonizing RBM concepts and approaches for improved development results at country level. (UNDG 2011)

UNDP (2010), Prevalence of violence in Ukrainian families. (UNDP 2010)

UNFPA (2014), Regional Overview on Child Marriage in the EECA region, available at (UNFPA 2014)

UNFPA (2013), A monitoring mechanism for multi-sectoral cooperation to prevent and respond to domestic and gender-based violence in Osh and Jalal-Abad, authors: T. Isakunova, L. Ilbezova, T. Tyulekova. (UNFPA 2013)

UNFPA (2013a), Adolescent pregnancy in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Factsheet. (UNFPA 2013a)

UNFPA, National Statistical Service (2011), Nationwide Survey on Domestic Violence against Women in Armenia 2008-2010. (UNFPA/National Statistical Survey 2011)

UNFPA (2011a), National Survey Report on Violence against Women in Azerbaijan. (UNFPA 2011a).

UNFPA (2011b), Guide for Developing Robust Results Frameworks for Effective Programmes. (UNFPA 2011b)

UNFPA (2010), National Research on Domestic Violence against Women in Georgia, authors: Marina Chitashvili, Nino Javakhishvili, Luiza Arutiunov, Lia Tsuladze, Sophio Chachanidze. (UNFPA 2010)

UNFPA (2010a), Recommendations for the Establishment of a National Referral Mechanism for Survivors of Gender-Based Violence in the Republic of Armenia, author: Vladimir Osipov. (UNFPA 2010a)

UNFPA (2010b), A Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming: Practical Implementation Manual and Training Materials. (UNFPA 2010b)

UNFPA (2001), A Practical Approach to Gender-based Violence: A Programme Guide for Health Care Providers & Managers, author: Lynne Stevens. (UNFPA 2001)

UNICEF (2010), Caring for Survivors Training Manual. (UNICEF 2010)

UNICEF (2006), Early marriage, a harmful traditional practice. (UNICEF 2006)

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UNODC (2013), Global Study on Homicide. (UNODC 2013)

UN Office in Belarus, Sociological and Political Research Center of the Belarusian State University (2008), Main Outcomes of the Survey on Domestic Violence Assessment in the Republic of Belarus in 2008. (UN office in Belarus 2008)

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UN Secretary-General (2006), In-depth study on all forms of violence against women, A/61/122/Add.1. (UN Secretary-General 2006)

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UN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children,

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UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (2007), its Causes and Consequences, Yakin Ertürk, Addendum, Mission to Turkey, A/HRC/4/34/Add.2. (UN Special Rapporteur VAW 2007)

UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women (2006), its Causes and Consequences, Yakin Ertürk, Addendum, Mission to the Russian Federation, E/CN.4/2006/61/Add.2. (UN Special Rapporteur VAW 2006)

UN Women Virtual Knowledge Center on Ending Violence against Women and Girls, (UN Women Virtual Knowledge Center)

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Watts, Charlotte (2008), Monitoring and Evaluation of IPV Prevention Programmes: Lessons from the IMAGE and SASA! Studies, Presentation at the technical seminar on Monitoring and Evaluating Gender-Based Violence organized by the interagency Gender working group, Washington D.C. (Watts 2008)

WHO (2013), Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women: WHO Clinical and policy guidelines. (WHO 2013)

WHO (2011), Preventing Early Pregnancy and Poor Reproductive Outcomes among Adolescents in Developing Countries. (WHO 2011)

WHO (2011a), European report on preventing elder maltreatment, authors: Dinesh Sethi, Sara Wood, Francesco Mitis, Mark Bellis, Bridget Penhale, Isabel Iborra Marmolejo, Ariela Lowenstein, Gillian Manthorpe, Freja Ulvestad Kärki. (WHO 2011a)

WHO (2010), mhGAP Intervention Guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings. (WHO 2010)

WHO (2010a), WHO medical eligibility criteria. (WHO 2010a)

WHO (2007), Preventing injuries and violence, A Guide for Ministries of Health, authors: Alexander Butchart, Alison Phinney Harvey, Etienne Krug, David Meddings, Margie Peden, Laura Sminkey. (WHO 2007)

WHO (2005), Integrating Poverty and Gender into Health Programmes, A sourcebook for Health Professionals Module on Gender-Based Violence, authors: K. Sundari Ravindran, Anjana Bhushan, Kathleen Fritsch, Breeda Hickey. (WHO 2005)

WHO (2005a), Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence, authors: Claudia García-Moreno, Henrica A.F.M. Jansen, Charlotte Watts, Mary Carroll Ellsberg, Lori Heise. (WHO 2005a)

WHO (2005b), Online question and answer, What is the health system?, ( WHO 2005b)

WHO, Health topics, Health systems, ( WHO health topics)

WHO (2003), Guidelines for medico-legal cares of victims of sexual violence, authors: David Wells, Wendy Taylor. (WHO 2003)

WHO (2003a), Ethical and safety recommendations for interviewing trafficked women, authors: Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts. (WHO 2003a)

WHO (2002), World report on violence and health, editors: Etienne G Krug, Linda L. Dahlberg, James A. Mercy, Anthony B. Zwi and Rafael Lozano. (WHO 2002)
WHO (2001), Putting women first: Ethical and safety recommendations for research on domestic violence against women, editors: Charlotte Watts, Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg, Claudia Garcia Moreno. (WHO 2001)

WHO (1968), Principles and practice of screening for disease, authors: JMG Wilson, G Jungner. (WHO 1968)

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